In the Mevlana Museum, which is visited by approximately 3 million local and foreign tourists a year, Mevlana and his family’s graves, the belongings they used and many important artifacts are exhibited. The most important of these is the “talisman shirt” belonging to Sultan Veled, the son of Mevlana. The shirt, which is sewn from cotton fabric, does not have buttons or ties.
The first three verses of Surat al-Fath are placed on the talismanic shirt of the 14th century. On the front left is the 129th verse of Surat at-Tawba. On the shirt, there are the words of the Words of Tawheed, the names of the four great angels and the four caliphs, prayers and talismanic writings with the line of nesih. It is known that the Ottoman Sultans wore these shirts for many reasons such as winning war, protection from the evil eye, and healing.
Stating that shirts like this were prepared in Konya after the Turks became acquainted with Islam, Mevlana Museum Deputy Director Naci Bakırcı said:
“There are many works in the Mevlana Museum. One of them is a shirt, which we know as the “talisman shirt” belonging to Sultan Veled, which was prepared in the 14th century, on which the Félak and Nas Sura, the Surah of the Conquest, the Nalin-i sharifs with the account of Ebcet are marked. When we look at the history of this shirt in the museum collection, we know that such shirts were prepared in other civilizations in the years before Christ, but after the Turks’ acquaintance with Islam, such shirts were made in Konya.
Most of these shirts were used by Ottoman Sultans and Princes in Istanbul Topkapi Palace Museum. Here, too, the Mevlevi may have been used either during the hilat ceremony or after a 40-day ordeal in which they ate, drank a little, and talked a little before you had a cell. In the records, it is attributed that this dress belongs to Sultan Veled. Deep inside the chests, it is mentioned that there is a shirt that belongs to our master, Sultan Veled. “
Naci Bakırcı stated that Sultan Veled might have used the talismanic shirt when he was authorized by the Mevlevi sect or on special occasions because he was the founder of the Mevlevi order. We guess that after the death of Mevlana, he used this shirt when he was authorized as the founder of the Mevlevi order or on special occasions. When we look at the interior parts, we say that it is probably a ceremonial dress because it is made of linen, but there is no wear on the arms or inside.
When we look carefully, Surah of Conquest, Basmalahs, black and red inks, gold leaf are used on the right and left wings of the shirt. It dates to the 14th century. This outfit, which belongs to Sultan Veled, has Ebcet account and dating that Turks use a lot. On the wings of the shirt, a number corresponds to each letter, which the Turks use a lot. ‘
Stating that in the Ottoman Sultans these shirts had the belief that the sword would not work during the war, Bakırcı said, “Spiritually, perhaps we can think that these shirts would protect Sultan Veled, the founder of the Mevlevi, from sins. During the war, we think that the Ottoman Sultans might have been used for different purposes, as they believed that swords would not work on those who wore such shirts. But as a design, the embroidery of geometric shapes, the use of sun motifs on the shoulders, Hz. We know that the presence of Nalin-i sheriffs from the affection with Muhammet, seriously, a shirt with high artistic value has been produced.
We say that the Ottoman Sultans may have been used for military and protection purposes because they went on campaigns. Since the Mawlawi sheikh is addressed not to wars, but to the heartland of the people, we can establish a relevant connection here. In the Mevlevi tradition, the Mevlevi dervishes were buried with their whirling dervishes until 1925.
It was believed that that white outfit would protect them from fire as well as protect them from the fire in their afterlife. This shirt is also probably crafted with these emotions. Hz. This shirt was either gifted to Mevlana’s son, or it could be in a dress designed by him because he was a sect sheikh ”.
Stating that the geometric shapes embroidered on the talismanic shirt are secrets waiting to be solved, Bakırcı said, “There are various signs and motifs on the back of the shirt. It is emphasized that the love of prophets is higher on the sun motif. We see that there is a high interest in astronomy with the geometric shapes on the back. We see that there are many numbers and letters that seem disconnected from each other. Hopefully these will be revealed when they are resolved.
Are the sun, earth and moon symbols in the dorsum talking about distances or something else? Honestly, we do not know right now. However, we know that the drawings are related to the astronomy of the Turks. A shirt that needs to be researched in many ways. We know it still keeps its mystery. Healing shirts too, in Istanbul